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Leadership. Methods, Models and Theories




This report presents a review of leadership theory and competency frameworks that was commissioned to assist the development of the new National Occupational Standards in Management and Leadership.


An Insightful web site

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Leadership Theory – Web Listings

Articles, reports and source writings from theorists of the leadership school of management theory.

Web Listings

Leadership theories
Over time, a number of different theories of leadership have evolved.

Path-Goal Theory of Leadership
Path-Goal Theory of Leadership is to do with the leader ‘clearing the path’ for followers to take.

Leadership Theories – Eight Major Leadership Theories
Theories of leadership are generally one of eight different types. Learn more about the eight major leadership theories.

Situational leadership theory – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Situational leadership theories in organizational studies are a type of leadership theory, leadership style, and leadership model that presumes that

Leadership – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As an idea, leadership was probably first thrown into relief in the military context, and the founders of modern organisational theory, notably Henri Fayol,

Leadership. Methods, Models and Theories
Methods, Models and Theory of Leadership. Books, Consultants, Faq, Forum, Journals, Leaders, Links and Quotes.

leadership theories and models – Organisations@Onepine
Contingency theories basically all argue that the ‘right’ or an effective leadership style varies according to the context.

Leadership Theory, Models, and Tools
Classical Leadership, by Doyle and Smith – overview of development of leadership theory, including description of four “generations” of theory Leadership: Theory and Practice: Books: Peter G. Northouse Leadership: Theory and Practice: Books: Peter G. Northouse by Peter G. Northouse.

Leadership theories: An overview.
Fiedler, A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1967); and Fiedler and Joseph E. Garcia, New Approaches to Effective Leadership:

Contingency models
Hersey-Blanchard Situational Theory. Path-Goal Theory. Vroom-Yetton Leadership Model. The models described have limited validity, but are still widely used.

Overview of Leadership in Organizations
There are also numerous theories about leadership, or about carrying out the role of leader, e.g., servant leader, democratic leader, principle-centered

<H1><B>Fiedler’s Contingency Theory of Leadership</B></H1>
These emphasis by researchers led to theories about leadership. “The first and perhaps most popular, situational theory to be advanced was the ‘Contingency

A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks. Centre for Leadership Studies 2 ….. A Review of Leadership Theory and Competency Frameworks

Burns’ Transformational Leadership Theory
Burns’ view of leadership transformational theory is of reaching to higher moral positions.

classical models of managerial leadership: trait, behavioural
Chapters on the meaning and measurement of leadership; management; early approaches – traits and styles; situational style theories of leadership;

Path-Goal Leadership Theory
Path-Goal Theory of Leadership formulated by Robert House proposes that the leader can affect the performance, satisfaction, and motivation of a group in

Trait theory posits key traits for successful leadership (drive, …. Leadership Theory and Research: Perspectives and Directions (Academic Press Inc (HBJ),

toward a theory of military leadership
Scientific approaches to developing leadership theory can rely on four things: data from the historical record (that is, data of “real” experiences);

Concepts of Leadership
People can learn leadership skills. This is the Transformational Leadership Theory. It is the most widely accepted theory today and the premise on which


TRAITS: The Journey from Will to Power to Will to Serve

KEY TO LINKS on this web page:


The Myers-Briggs Trait Approach to Leadership
Machiavelli – Great man theory
Stogdill 1948
Stogdill 1974 Dialectic Critique of Trait theory
McGregor 1960 Theory X Y
McClelland 1965 Stories
Katz 1955 Skill Taxonomy
Yukl 1989
Flanagan 1951 Critical Incidents; Boyatzis 1982
Bennis 2000 – 10 traits of dynamic leaders


Jungian Archetypes and Myers-Briggs types
The Myers-Briggs Trait Approach to Leadership



Over time, a number of theories of leadership have been proposed. Here are some of the main ideas.

  • Great Man Theory
  • Trait Theory
  • Behavioral Theories
    • Role Theory
    • The Managerial Grid
  • Participative Leadership
    • Lewin’s leadership styles
    • Likert’s leadership styles
  • Situational Leadership
    • Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership
    • Vroom and Yetton’s Normative Model
    • House’s Path-Goal Theory of Leadership
  • Contingency Theories
    • Fiedler’s Least Preferred Co-worker (LPC) Theory
    • Cognitive Resource Theory
    • Strategic Contingencies Theory
  • Transactional Leadership
    • Leader-Member Exchange (LMX) Theory
  • Transformational Leadership
    • Bass’ Transformational Leadership Theory
    • Burns’ Transformational Leadership Theory
    • Kouzes and Posner’s Leadership Participation Inventory

See also

Motivation theories, Theories about power


Leadership: An Overview


While there is vast disagreement over what exactly leadership is, most of us agree that whatever it is, it seems to make a substantial difference to organizations. Leadership is typically offered as a solution for most of the problems we have. Our schools (or government, or companies, etc) would be better if only we had better leadership or so many of us think. Hollywood echoes this sense with an unending supply of movies featuring a sense of Heroic Leadership. The aura around leadership is as strong today as it was in the days the Odyssey was written. Common sense suggests that leadership is a very good thing and we need more of it. Yet, there is much less agreement on exactly what it is. Also, despite a wide call for more leadership, in truth we have an “approach-avoidance” approach to strong leadership. For good reason we get nervous about strong leadership at the same time while calling for more. Unfortunately, we can see what happens when prophets we follow turn out to be false prophets. Leadership always carries the risk of dependence, disappointment, and possible disaster. to continue click here.